Isoflurane: Mechanism of Action, Uses, and Side Effects


What is Isoflurane? Isoflurane is classified under the category of inhalational general anesthetic used during surgeries. It is a halogen (fluoride) containing a highly stable anesthetic drug that undergoes no significant metabolism. It has little or no toxicity towards body tissues. Another advantage associated with the use of isoflurane is that it does not induce … Read more

Imodium A-D Uses, Side effects and Interactions


Loperamide is marketed under the brand name Imodium, which is also stylized as Imodium A-D. Imodium, unlike Lomotil, is available over-the-counter (OTC). As a result, it’s more generally accessible. How does Imodium work? Imodium contains Loperamide HCl as an active ingredient. It works by decreasing peristaltic movements. Imodium A-D Side Effects Drowsiness Dizziness Dry mouth … Read more

Loperamide: Uses, Mechanism of Action and Warnings


What is Loperamide? Used to treat non-specific diarrhea, Loperamide; an anti-diarrheal long-acting drug is also a suitable candidate for the treatment of Chronic diarrhea or gastroenteritis. It is an OTC (over-the-counter) oral anti-diarrheal medication that was initially introduced in 1969. It was first used medically in 1976 and became available as a non-prescription medicine in … Read more

Akineton: Uses, Dosage, Indications, and Side Effects


Dosage form: Oral tablets (Prolonged-release) 4mg, 2mg Active ingredient: Biperiden hydrochloride What is Akineton used for? A prescription-only drug Akineton; is primarily used to treat all forms of Parkinson’s disease. Other therapeutic indications include Drug-induced extrapyramidal symptoms Excito-motor phenomena Akinesia Rigidity Akathisia Acute dystonia Akineton is also available in 5mg/ml ampules. Contraindications Hypersensitivity Narrow-angle glaucoma … Read more

Biperiden: Uses, Side Effects and Mechanism of Action


What is Biperiden? A cholinergic antagonist drug biperiden is used to treat Parkinsonism. Biperiden Hydrochloride Biperiden Hydrochloride is the salt from the drug Biperiden. Tablet dosage forms of it include the drug in this chemical form. A central and peripheral nerve system muscarinic antagonist. Arteriosclerotic, idiopathic, and postencephalitic parkinsonism have all been treated with it. … Read more

Mesnex: Uses, Side Effects, Dosage Forms, and Manufacturers


Mesnex is a chemo protectant that may be taken as injections or pills. It has also been studied as a mucolytic agent in experimental trials. What is Mesnex used for? It is used as a preventative measure to reduce the risk of ifosfamide-induced hemorrhagic cystitis. Mesnex Dosage Forms 1 g Multidose Vial, and 100 mg/mL … Read more

Mesna (chemoprotectant): Contraindications, Side Effects, Uses, and Brand Names


A synthetic sulfhydryl compound Mesna; is a chemo-protective agent used to prevent ifosfamide-induced hemorrhagic cystitis. It can be given intravenously or orally. The drug is rapidly oxidized to mesna disulfide, which is its main metabolite (dimesna). In the kidney, dimesna is reduced to a free thiol, which interacts with ifosfamide metabolites and causes their detoxification. … Read more

Nebupent: Active ingredient, Mechanism of Action, and Indications


What is NebuPent NebuPent contains Pentamidine which is an anti-infective agent. It is a prescription-only drug. NubePent Active Ingredient Pentamidine isethionate How do you take NebuPent? / How do you administer NebuPent? Only for Oral Inhalation For the prevention of Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia, an adult should take 300 mg of NebuPent once every four weeks … Read more

Pentamidine: Uses, Mechanism of Action, Side Effects, and Contraindications


What is Pentamidine? The drug Pentamidine is broadly classified under anti-protozoal drugs. Several diamidine compounds have trypanocidal action, including pentamidine. In the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis, pentamidine isethionate is utilized instead of sodium stibogluconate. It can also be used to treat early trypanosomiasis. Pentamidine Mechanism of Action The precise mechanism has yet to be discovered. … Read more