Xylocaine

What is Xylocaine Local Anesthetic?

The generic name of Xylocaine is Lidocaine which comes under the category of local anesthetics. So, it is a local anesthetic that comes in various dosage forms.

Following are different dosage forms available in the market.

Xylocaine Infusion

When you go to a dentist for an extraction, the local anesthetic given to numb your gums is similar to that of Xylocaine/Lidocaine. Infusion is directly injected into the vein, continuously over 45 to 60 minutes.

Xylocaine Jelly

The Xylocaine jelly 2% is an OTC (over-the-counter) medicine that contains lidocaine HCL as an active ingredient. It is also known as Lidocaine gel. It is used to treat pain, irritation, swelling in the urinary tract. Another use of the jelly is to the numb lining of the mouth, nose, or throat for some medical procedures.

Ointment

The ointment is applied to the skin to treat irritation, pain, and itching. Topical Xylocaine is also applied on the skin or mucosal membrane to perform certain medical procedures.

Spray

Xylocaine spray 10mg is used to induce numbness, and reduce pain in dental procedures, after childbirth, medical procedures involving nose, throat, lungs, and stomach. Contraindications are the same as that of injection.

Xylocaine 1% with epinephrine / Xylocaine 2% with epinephrine solution for injection

The 1% with adrenaline solution for injections is used in adults and children over the age of one year. On the other hand 2% with epinephrine(adrenaline) is given to adults and children over 12 years of age. These two injections are used to make the area of the body where the operation will be conducted numb, to give pain relief during labor, surgery, or after a serious injury.

Xylocaine (Lidocaine) and Adrenaline (epinephrine) are two different drugs with different modes of action.

Xylocaine Mouthwash

It is a viscous liquid containing 2% Lidocaine HCL. It is a solution made to be swished in the mouth for around 30 seconds before spitting out. To treat pain in the throat or to induce numbness in the throat, the solution may be gargled.

References:

https://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/product/2396/pil#gref
https://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/product/882/pil#gref
https://www.rxlist.com/xylocaine-drug/patient-images-side-effects.htm#info
https://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-7453/xylocaine-topical/details
https://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-75930/xylocaine-jelly-mucous-membrane/details
https://www.drugs.com/cdi/xylocaine-jelly.html
https://www.nps.org.au/medicine-finder/xylocaine-2-viscous-oral-liquid

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