What is Metoidioplasty and its Types?

Many among you might think what exactly Metoidioplasty, well it’s a surgery which reforms your genitals and makes it better. Now as there are transgender and other non-binary people, or in other words such people who were born to be male, but on their birth, they were declared to be female gets lower surgery which is named as Metoidioplasty.

And this surgery is really necessary for those who are planning to go on Testosterones. Now usually doctors suggest their patients go for Testosterones for a few years before they are planning to have Metoidioplasty surgery. Furthermore, usually, people get confused with Metoidioplasty and Phalloplasty.

Well, first of all, you must know what the different types of Metoidioplasty are, and they are as follows:

Centurion Metoidioplasty

It is really a simple surgery as compared to other types. And no doubt this one is considered to be the best one on account of pain, complications, and thickness. The next best thing about this type of Metoidioplasty is that this surgery does not require to increase the thickness of the penis by using the vaginal wall. All it requires just to take labia, and simply cover the penis from it, as it is in the form of round muscles.

Ring Metoidioplasty

The process of Ring Metoidioplasty and full Metoidioplasty is kind of similar in process. In this process, the skin is not being taken from the mouth, but it is actually being used from the vaginal wall, and after that, it is being combined with labia, and after that, it is joined with Neophallus and Urethra.

The reasons that among Full Metoidioplasty vs Ring Metoidioplasty, why Ring Metoidioplasty is being preferred because in this process the inside of mouth does not require time to heal or to gets damaged. Otherwise, it is obvious that you have to wait for a while before you can start eating properly once again.

Full Metoidioplasty

Then next comes Full Metoidioplasty, and as it is discussed above that this procedure is quite related to the Ring Metoidioplasty. And in this surgery usually surgeons’ takes a part of the skin from inside your mouth at the cheek, and then these tissues are used to attach Neophallus and Urethra.

Further, if the patient wishes to completely remove the vagina from their body, then that is also a part of this surgery, and instead of the vagina, they add up testicles over there.

Simple Metoidioplasty

This is a simple process, and in this procedure, no such removal of tissues or organs occur. And instead, all that a surgeon does is that he frees up the Clitoris from the tissues around it, and as a result penis gets exposed with its better strength.

Difference between Phalloplasty and Metoidioplasty

Now next comes Phalloplasty, well it is one of the most usual methods of lower surgery, and this surgery is specific or just he Non-binary people or transgender. But as far as Metoidioplasty is being this process is totally opposite than Phalloplasty.

In Metoidioplasty usually skin from several parts of the body is taken, and then from those tissues, a penis is being created. And no doubt Metoidioplasty comes with several benefits.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Metoidioplasty

First of all, if you choose Metoidioplasty, then this surgery would get very few damages to your body. And here the term damage is being used for the tissues used for making a penis. Further the procedure for surgery is really simple and less complicated as compared to Phalloplasty. Then the penis that is created due to Metoidioplasty is just like a real one, even it gets erected naturally.

Moreover, the skin that has been taken from mouth or arm is really less and is able to recover real soon. If you already have medical insurance then it will be really beneficial for you because normal medical insurance can cover Metoidioplasty surgery, but as for Phalloplasty, it is not categorized under Medical insurance. And if you are not satisfied with Metoidioplasty then there is also a possibility that you can go for Phalloplasty later on if you want.

But once you had Phalloplasty then there is no chance for you to get Metoidioplasty surgery. Well if there are benefits of something then for sure there are some disadvantages as well. Even though the penis from Metoidioplasty is able to erect, but there is no guarantee that it will always erect during sexual intercourse. And further as like any other male you can urinate while standing in any public toilets, and you always have to use the toilet seat.

And as compared to a normal penis this one might not be that much longer and thicker as compared to the natural one. And even the hormones inside this Metoidioplasty surgery created penis requires to be replaced once in a while.

The process of Metoidioplasty and Scrotoplasty

Now coming to the actual process of Metoidioplasty surgery. And it is really necessary for every one of you to be aware that how does this Metoidioplasty surgery actually work. So that you can make yourself ready before you go through this surgery.

Normally a Metoidioplasty surgery might take just 3 to 5 hours in total. The difference in this time depends on that what type of Metoidioplasty surgery you are going to have, and on the surgeon that how much experienced he is. Further is the selection for the limit of anaesthesia. And this also depends that what type of Metoidioplasty is being carried out.

For example, if you are going for the simple one then the amount will be really less, and you will stay awake throughout the surgery but you won’t feel anything at all. But if you are going through Centurion then you will be under complete anaesthesia. Then there is Scrotoplasty as well, which is the surgery that results in implant testicles in your body.

And the best thing about Metoidioplasty is that you can get discharged from hospital on the very same day as well, and you will only be requested to stay if there are some complications in the surgery. If you want any further knowledge regarding this topic, feel free to contact us.

Magic Mouthwash

Uses of Magic Mouthwash

Magic mouthwash is very necessary for oral hygiene. Oral hygiene is very important because the mouth is the only route through which most of the bacteria can enter your body and not only that, it can also affect your dental health. Oral hygiene doesn’t only mean cleaning your teeth bit it men’s the cleanliness of whole oral cavity.

You may need to know that the oral cavity is such a place where a lot of harmful bacteria can harbour and when you are having your meal these bacteria other harmful microorganisms can enter your body through the food and it is the really concerning the situation. Even when you clean your teeth properly you never know where else more microorganisms are present and this can be the cause of a number of diseases.

Having a mouthwash is important for the very same reason so you can clean your whole oral cavity and so that it can kill any of the bacteria present inside your mouth. Teeth problem usually arise because of the very same reason when you clean your teeth well but does pay much attention to the rest of the oral cavity and thus the way the bacteria can find its way back to your teeth thus causing damage to them.

Magic mouthwash some of the famous mouthwash that you can use n daily basis.

Magic Mouthwash

It is one of the important mouthwash that is very important and good for daily use. Daily dental ad oral hygiene is important and that is why the Magic mouthwash is also important for daily use. Magic Mouthwash also goes by other names like the miracle Mouthwash, Mary’s Magic Mouthwash, and Duke’s Magic Mouthwash.

Basically, the Magic mouthwash is a mix of ingredients and similarly, all the other such mouthwashes that are available in the market by any of these or similar names serve the same purpose and the only difference between them apart from the name is some of the ingredients may vary from one another.

There are mouthwashes that are for one specific condition only but there are also some of the mouthwashes that can serve multiple purposes and no matter what the simple oral health condition you are going through using these mouthwashes can resolve all such problems.

Not only that it seems perfect for daily use because even if a small oral health issue starts to arise it will be soon faded away by the use of mouthwash.

Use of Magic Mouthwash

Magic mouthwash as we know consists of a number of ingredients which means that it can treat a lot of the mouth conditions and some of them are mentioned below

  • Muscotitis means mouth infection and it usually occurs in older people and children.  It is also observed a lot in the patients of chemotherapy as well as the radiations because during these procedures mucous lining shed a lot of cells and due to that possible infections may be caused.
  • Thrush is basically a yeast infection and its indication is that white patches that are formed in different surfaces of the mouth and this can be controlled by the Magic mouthwash
  • Stomatitis is basically the infection in the stomach but due to that sores or blisters are caused on the lips and inside the mouth too and they may also be caused by the herpes virus. And to avoid that you must use the Magic Mouthwash
  • Not only that the hand, foot and mouth diseases of any virus can cause sores in your mouth or your lips and that needs to be remedied by the help of the oral hygiene mouthwash that is known as Magic Mouthwash.

So, these are all the possible conditions in which the Magic mouthwash can help. Having one of these at your home is very important just like all the other components of the first aid kit and some necessary painkillers the Magic mouthwash should be a part of your bathroom cabinet.

Components of Magic Mouthwash

Magic Mouthwash is a mix of a lot of the components and this is no news to us as already been mentioned in the article before so you need to know about these components in detail to understand the function of Magic Mouthwash and following are some of the general components that may be the part of the mouthwashes like this one and are definitely the part of Magic Mouthwash:

  • The antibacterial drug is present to fight against the common bacteria that can find the oral environment suitable for the growth.
  • Antiviral drug to kill or fight against the virus causing sores and blisters.
  • A local anaesthetic drug that can numb the mouth and thus helps with soothing any pain you are getting from the mouth sores.
  • Anti-inflammatory drug can help reduce the swelling within the mouth that may result due to some infection.
  • The steroid may be present for the same reasons which are to reduce the inflammation.
  • An antacid is also present in it because it helps the mouthwash to coat your mouth properly so the infected area can have direct contact with the mouthwash.

So, these are some of the components that are present in the Magic Mouthwash and must also be present in other mouthwashes of similar nature.

So, by the components, we can comprehend that Magic Mouthwash solves almost all of your mouth problems very easily.

Directions about Magic Mouthwash

Following are some of the directions that you need to consider before using the Magic Mouthwash

  • By using the measuring cap take the recommended amount of mouthwash and swirl the liquid around in your mouth for like a minute or two and then spit it out.
  • Try not swallowing it and for the same reason, the Magic Mouthwash for children is available that is less harmful if ingested accidentally.
  • The frequency of use of Magic Mouthwash depends on the type of infection you have but having it at least twice a day in normal routine is good.
  • Don’t take food of any kind 30 minutes after using Magic Mouthwash.

Side Effects of Magic Mouthwash

There are also some of the side effects of Magic Mouthwash like there are side effects of every other medicine and following are some of the side effects that you might observe with the continuous use of the magic mouthwash

  • Dryness
  • Burning
  • Stinging
  • Tingling
  • Loss or change in the taste (but this is short term due to the presence of a local anaesthetic as it numbs your mouth for a while)
  • Soreness or irritation

All these side effects are short term and you may experience them only for a few minutes after the use of the Magic Mouthwash. So if you are not uncomfortable with experiencing any of the above for a few minutes then you can go for the other options. And this may be very uncomfortable for your children so if they are complaining about it then you can switch to the Magic Mouthwash for children. Even if you don’t want to go for this one there are some other alternatives with the same results for you. This was all you should know about Magic Mouthwash before you buy it.

Clobetasol Propionate Cream

Clobetasol Propionate Cream and its use in Skin Problems

Clobetasol Propionate cream is used in the treatment of several skin disorders. A perfect skin is what every one of us wants but due you some unfortunate reasons the skin also get certain disorders an diseases that make our skin all itchy and irritating and it can also be painful sometimes and not only that some of the diseases also leave their marks behind after or during the time of the disease if you don’t treat it on time or don’t pay attention to it.

The health condition of any kind needs proper medical attention towards it but the skin condition is like the most important that needs the instant medical aid because skin problems are something that you can notice right away. Topical creams and ointments are usually the types of medications given to the patients that are suffering from skin problems because of medication at the side of the disease effects well and better.

So, when it comes to the skin issues it is very often that doctor recommend a systemic medicine otherwise they stick to the topical ones. Using topical medications is better because they are less harmful and only harm they can cause is that the patient might be allergic to a certain drug in the formulation.

While talking about the topical medications Clobetasol propionate cream is one of the medications that come in the use a lot and you must identify it right away if you have had any of the skin diseases.

Clobetasol propionate

Clobetasol Propionate is a drug that is a corticosteroid and among that, it belongs to the class of glucocorticoid. A glucocorticoid is a class of the corticosteroid hormones that binds directly to the glucocorticoid receptors. Most of the agents from this class are used as topical medicines for the treatment of various skin conditions.

Clobetasol Propionate is a drug that is available in various topical medication forms like in the form of a lotion, shampoos, ointments, creams, solutions, and even gels. This medicine is available under different brand names Topifort, Clobeta plus, topical and Temovate.

These are only a few of the brand names but there are a lot more of the brand names that you can find this medicine under the name of all the brand names mentioned above it is pretty clear just by the name that the drug is used topically.

Mechanism of action of Clobetasol Propionate cream

The mechanism of action of Clobetasol Propionate cream is very simple. As we know that Clobetasol acts on the glucocorticoid receptor and as a result the glucocorticoid-mediated gene expression gets active. This gene expression then plays a role in the formation or production of anti-inflammatory proteins.

By the name, it is pretty obvious what these proteins do but to understand in detail these proteins actually stops the production of inflammatory mediator and this, as a result, inhibit the inflammation.

Use of Clobetasol propionate cream

Clobetasol propionate is used in a number of skin conditions and disorders and following are some of them with the explanation that what these conditions or diseases are

  • Psoriasis: It is an autoimmune disease in which the patches are formed on the skin that is dry, itchy and even scaly and this disease can be treated with the use of Clobetasol Propionate cream
  • Dermatitis: Dermatitis is basically the infection of the skin and in this condition, the skin gets inflamed and along with swelling there is itchiness, rashes etc. on the skin. The infection can be of any type.
  • Rash: Rash is the redness and swelling in the area and the skin area in a rash is very tender and this cause extensive burning too. The rash can occur due to a number of reasons and can be treated easily with the Clobetasol Propionate cream.
  • Allergies: Clobetasol propionate can also help with the inflammation that may occur due to allergies. Different type of allergies present with a different type of symptoms but this medication can resolve almost all of them.

SO these are some of the conditions of the skin that can be easily resolved by the Clobetasol Propionate cream.

Warnings related to the use of Clobetasol propionate cream

With medications there are always some warnings and when it comes to the skin there are medications that can worsen the skin condition so to select a medication for your skin condition is a tricky situation and you must leave that for your doctor. But the following are some of the warnings related to the use of the Clobetasol propionate cream

  • Since this drug is really potent so you cannot use this medication on an open wound or with an occlusive dressing.
  • You can only apply this drug to the affected area and make sure that while applying it doesn’t cover the large area of your skin that isn’t affected.
  • Using this drug for the time that your doctor recommended is what you shall do and not use it for a longer duration
  • Patients with some liver problem or already taking some other steroids must inform their doctors so if it seems appropriate doctor will recommend the medication only then.
  • Also if you feel like with the use of this medication the skin condition is getting worse then you must remove the medication immediately and must seek medical help if it doesn’t stop even after wiping it off.

This warning implies on all the users of this medication and if used with care this medication will be no harm for you.

Side Effects of Clobetasol Propionate Cream

Even though with topical medication the side effects are very less but still following are some of the side effects that may appear with the use of Clobetasol Propionate Cream

  • Burning
  • Irritation
  • Itching
  • Adrenal Insufficiency (Low BP, fainting, dizziness, lethargy)
  • Cushing’s syndrome (increased blood glucose levels, frequent urination, intensified hunger)

Adrenal Insufficiency and the Cushing’s syndrome are the serious side effects of this drug that needs the medical help right away. But if any of the above mentioned side effects appear you must stop the use of Clobetasol Propionate Cream and must contact your doctor or a pharmacist.

Schilling Test

Everything that you needs to know about Schilling Test

You might have heard about the Schilling Test at some point in your life, but as obvious you have no idea about this test. Well, Schilling Test is basically a medical test which is carried out just to find out that how Vitamin B-12 is getting involved with your body.

If you think that this test is just an ordinary one, and it does not require to be carried out then you are all wrong because Vitamin B-12 is really necessary for your body. Because this vitamin is really necessary to form Red blood cells in the human body. As you know that red blood cells are really necessary for your body to carry oxygen around your body, and they have to keep producing continuously, and that is all possible due to Vitamin B-12.

But a time comes when your body stops producing healthy red blood cells which could result in death as well, and that occurs when your body has a deficiency of Vitamin B-12, and that condition is named as Anemia.

Why Schilling Test is required?

So here Schilling Test is being required to find out that if that vitamin is working properly in your body or not. Besides due to this Schilling Test you can also analyze that if there is a deficiency of Vitamin B-12. So for this purpose, there is a stage of the Schilling Test in which samples of urine are being analyzed.

Further there is another protein which helps for your body to absorb Vitamin B-12 from the food or medicine you take, and actually, it is that protein Intrinsic Factor that absorbs Vitamin from food to your body. This protein is produced inside your stomach, and due to the Schilling Test, you can find out if that protein is still being formed or not. And the disease which is discussed above is the result of a deficiency of this protein at the back end.

Further, it is really necessary for you to find out that what you should do before this test is being carried out.

How Schilling Test is carried out?

Usually, people get Vitamins directly with some kind of injections, to fulfil the deficiency. So even if you are having any Vitamin deficiency but still you cannot take any kind of those injections of Intramuscular 3 days prior to before Schilling Test is being carried.

Further, you can have any kind of fluid, but you have to avoid any solid food for more than 10 hours before Schilling Test is being carried out. Once you are done with the test then you are free to have any kind of medicine or food. Next comes the real method by which Schilling Test is being carried out. This whole Schilling Test is being divided into 4 different stages, and the result of each stage depends if it is necessary to carry out the next stage.

This Schilling Test is not something that is going to get over in a single day, it might take a few days. So you really need to have patience.

Stages of the Schilling Test

During the first stage Radiolabeled dye is being injected in your body mixed with Vitamin B-12 supplements. Radiolabeled dye basically includes a minute amount of radioactive material in it which is harmless for your body. And due to this Radiolabel doctors can easily keep the track if the amount of vitamin B-12 is being dissolved in your body in a proper way or not.

After 1 or 2 hours another supplement of Vitamin is being injected inside your body, and this time this does is going to help doctors to analyze the capacity of your body to absorb an amount of Vitamin B-12. After that, you can go back to your home, and you have to get back to the doctor’s clinic after 24 hours with your urine sample.

And on the basis of this sample doctor is going to declare if your body has a usual or irregular Vitamin absorption rate.

2nd Stage of Schilling Test

If the result is not satisfactory then the doctor will move to the next stage of the Schilling Test. In this stage, this time radiolabeled dye is injected with the combination of that protein intrinsic factor. And on the behalf of test results of stage 2, the doctor is going to declare if you need to move on to further stage or if you have anaemia.

In order to find the test results, you have to deliver a urine sample once again after 24 hours. After that stage 3 of the Schilling, Test is being carried out. During this stage, it is being diagnosed if there are any harmful bacteria inside your digestive system due to which there is a deficiency of Vitamin inside your body, and here the same method is being used once again. But just to keep you safe from an excess of radioactive material there will be a break of at least more than 14 days.

And during his time, you have to take antibiotics as well.

Final Stage of Schilling Test

Then comes forth and the last stage of Schilling Test. During this stage, it will be the final reason to find out the cause of deficiency of Vitamin B-12 inside your body. And the final reason would be the problem in your pancreases, and for this stage, another break of more than 72 hours is being taken, and during this time to have to take Enzymes for your pancreas, and after that course is being completed then you have to further take another dose of Radiolabeled dye.

And the same procedure goes for sampling as well. Now you need to understand how doctors are going to identify that if the Schilling Test is normal or abnormal. Well in your urine sample if there are traces of Radiolabel for at least 40% then it will be considered as normal otherwise it will be abnormal. And the result of abnormal condition could anaemia which is already discussed above, liver damage, hypothyroidism, biliary or celiac diseases, bacterial infection, or due to your pancreas. Now you have to make sure that you go through every instruction given by a doctor, and act on it accordingly.

Torus Platinus

What is Torus Platinus?

Understanding medical conditions like Torus Platinus is important. Health is an important aspect of our lives and leading a healthy life is very important for all of us. If you figure any of the health problem visiting a doctor shall be a priority and more than that avoiding any of the health problems will be the best and you can do that by eating healthy food and exercising.

But still even after avoiding all the health problems some things happen and the best way to deal with that is going for regular medical checkups and even going against the schedule if you notice anything odd. Most of the time the things that you think could be a health problem are nothing but that should not stop you from addressing health problems because it is better safe than sorry.

Torus Platinus is a health condition that isn’t harmful but does need the medical attention towards it.

What Torus Platinus is

Torus Platinus is basically a bony growth or bumps on the mouth palate and it is usually painless and harmless too. It also goes by the name Tori Platini, Platinus Torus and Torus Palatal. By the name Platinus and palatal it is obvious that it is related to the mouth palate.

Mouth palate basically is the roof of the mouth and it is bone covered with flesh but if any of the bone outgrowths appears on your palate then it must be the Torus Platinus. Even though it isn’t harmful or painful most of the people will tend to ignore it but having it checked so that you are not confusing something else over Torus Platinus is necessary.

It also is very uncomfortable you definitely would want its removal and there are a number of treatment methods that can help you with that. Torus Platinus is more common in a woman as compared to men and it is more common in Asian and Native American countries. The things that make the Torus Platinus really uncomfortable is that due to continuous trauma it can also form ulcers.


Symptoms are the ways that can help us confirm any of the medical problems. So, checking on the symptoms is necessary to declare that a person is suffering from a health issue.

Just like all the other health issues symptoms of Torus Platinus are important to be considered and following are one of the symptoms that may appear along with the Torus Platinus and these symptoms can also help identify Torus Platinus to other any similar conditions

  • The first thing that you need to know about it is that it is located right in the centre of mouth palate.
  • It varies from size 2 to 6 millimetres. This is the only size range and any growth smaller or greater than this range can be something else but still is something that you mustn’t ignore.
  • Just like the size range, there is also the specific shape in which the Torus Platinus can appear and the shapes in which Torus Platinus appears are the modular, spindle-shaped and even flat.
  • Torus Platinus grows slowly and it grows in such a pattern that it starts appearing in your teenage years and may grow to the full size until you are in your middle age and you usually don’t notice it until then. In some case, as the person ages, the Torus Platinus may also shrink back due to bone resorption.

Reasons behind the Torus Platinus

There are a number of reasons that can be the cause behind the Torus Platinus and following are some of them.

  • It is usually believed that Torus Platinus is a genetic trait and even if you are the first one in your family to have Torus Platinus there are chances that you may pass it on in the next generation and in some cases parents with Torus Platinus didn’t pass this trait along
  • Another reason that can cause the Torus Platinus is the diet. It has been observing that countries that eat the saltwater fish a lot like Japan and Croatia they get Torus Platinus frequently and the reason behind it can be the increased consumption of vitamin D and polyunsaturated fat that are present in the Saltwater fish and can cause the growth of the bones.
  • Frequent clenching of your teeth can also cause the Torus Platinus and this may occur because when you put pressure the centre if that pressure becomes the mid-palate and this may cause in the eruption of bone outgrowth.
  • Increased bone density is something that appears in the postmenopausal women and they can get the Torus Platinus because of increased bone density.

Treatment methods

Treatment becomes necessary in the Torus Platinus if it is causing ulcers in your mouth and also because if it is uncomfortable for you and the only treatment method that is available for Torus Platinus is Surgery.

As said before it is not necessary for you to have the torus Platinus treated unless it gets comfortable and surgery is the best option for you if you can afford the cost when it comes to this and you can have surgery only under following circumstances

  • Causing ulcers and is getting uncomfortable
  • Causes you difficulty in chewing
  • Is big enough that you can’t fit your dentures

The surgery for this is very simple and you shall not be afraid of it and it is performed in such a way that your surgeon under the local anaesthesia will cut open the palate and after removing the outgrowth will close the wound by the help of the sutures and there rarely is any complication of the surgery. Choosing your surgeon wisely will be a thing you may need to consider when you have decided on having it removed.

After the surgery has been performed you need to avoid eating hard foods that may open up the wound and instead stick to soft foods. Oral antiseptic is necessary as a precaution for infection and getting your painkillers for any kind of pain will help you recover from the surgery well in 3 to 4 weeks.