Marie Antoinette Syndrome

What exactly is Marie Antoinette Syndrome?

If your hairs start to turn white in a very young age then you probably have Marie Antoinette Syndrome. Now you might be wondering that usually, hairs start to get white or grey as you grow old, and it is all natural. Usually, grey hairs appear when your body starts to lose a pigment which is named as Melanin, and this colourant is basically the one which keeps your hairs to be black, brown, or any other colour.

But as age starts to grow then your body starts to lose this colourant, and as a result, your hairs start to turn grey and then white. But Marie Antoinette Syndrome is something else besides getting white hairs naturally. Basically, the term Marie Antoinette Syndrome was introduced when Queen of France Marie Antoinette had grey hairs all of a sudden.

Myths about Marie Antoinette Syndrome

Even though there are several myths that Queen had grey hairs due to her old age, but that is not the truth at all, because Queen herself just survived just till the age of 38. And her hairs turned White in the same year when she was to be executed.

And it was considered that she also had Marie Antoinette Syndrome because this is the condition in which hairs turn to get grey all of a sudden. But that does not mean that this change will be done overnight, but it will take a few months or maybe a whole year.

There have been many types of research regarding Marie Antoinette Syndrome, and even though there are several tales that hairs of many people turned white all of a sudden, but it is completely opposite to the recent researches for Marie Antoinette Syndrome.

Marie Antoinette Syndrome – A Science Fiction

As far as tales from history are being concerned then there is not just a single example Marie Antoinette Syndrome with such fast results, and most importantly most of the examples are the famous people around the world. And just like Queen of France, there is another famous person Thomas More who got grey hairs in the same way as Marie Antoinette got.

 Then during World War 2, there was another tale came forward regarding Marie Antoinette Syndrome, that the survivors of this war are also experiencing white hairs. And besides there are many other fictional stories and several other kinds of literature also represent a sudden change of hair colours similar to Marie Antoinette Syndrome.

But still there is no scientific evidence of any such event, and it was declared false to turn hairs into grey colour in a single night. Besides, there might be a possibility that those stories are connected to the temporary dye or mask at hairs which were washed off and grey colour became visible.

Possibilities of Marie Antoinette Syndrome

Now coming to the possibilities that how does Marie Antoinette Syndrome could actually occur. So for this purpose, there might be a possibility that your body has stopped forming that pigment, and as a result, all the growing hairs are in grey or white in colour. Then there is also a possibility that someone from your ancestors has similar abnormality just like Marie Antoinette Syndrome, and as a result, it was transferred to you by their genes.

Then there is another condition which is known as Alopecia Areata, and in this condition, your body stops producing that colourant due to some kind of infection, and all your scalp starts to get itchy and red. As a result, every single hair on your body falls away. Now the only way that you can get those hairs back is when you will be able to get treatment, but all new hairs will be masked as white.

Deficiencies that can cause Marie Antoinette Syndrome

Further, if the colour of your hairs is dark then even slightest change in your hair colours will be noticed, which people misunderstood as Marie Antoinette Syndrome. Many people nowadays have hormonal abnormalities as well due to which you have to go to such medication which could affect your hair colour as well.

In a similar way if your body is not getting enough nutrients like Calcium or Vitamins then for sure this might also result in Marie Antoinette Syndrome. Well, all these are certain medical conditions which might be related to Marie Antoinette Syndrome. But it is still not even confirmed that which one of these conditions would 100% match the abnormality of Marie Antoinette Syndrome.

Well even if those tales are being accepted as true then there might be a possibility as well that could result in Marie Antoinette Syndrome.

Marie Antoinette Syndrome due to Stress

And that possibility is stress. As in the case of Queen and Thomas More, they both were in extreme stress of being executed. And no doubt it might be true as well because even we can see that normally that people who take more stress are related to more hair fall and change in hair colour.

But even there is an objection to this point as well. And that objection is that stress might cause Marie Antoinette Syndrome, but there is no way that due to stress their hairs turned into white colour all of a sudden. This process might take several years with stress.

No doubt that you must visit a doctor for even a minor change in your body, but with this change even doctors cannot do much, because it is not harmful to your health.

Consult your doctor for Marie Antoinette Syndrome

But still, it is better for you to let your doctor find out if you have Marie Antoinette Syndrome because there might be the possibility of other medical abnormalities as well as infections or rashes.

No doubt most people still believe in those tales of Queen Marie Antoinette, and till today it is a mystery that how could anyone turn their hairs into grey colour overnight.

So instead of believing in those myths it is best for you to go with today’s medical research, and believe that there are no such things as changing hair colour overnight or Marie Antoinette Syndrome.  Visit your doctor, and tell him everything in detail, and completely follow his instructions.

Autonomic Hyperreflexia and its Symptoms

Autonomic Hyperreflexia and its Symptoms

Understanding medical conditions like Autonomic Hyperreflexia can help you deal with them sooner. The sooner you deal with a medical condition the better you will be and sooner it will go. If you feel like a medical problem is happening to you then you must see doctor as soon as possible because if you ignore it for too long it may end up getting worse and this may lead to some bigger health issues and if you ignore chronic diseases for too long then it may end up leading to life-threatening situations.

Emergency conditions like the Autonomic Hyperreflexia need the instant medical attention otherwise it may sometimes lead to the death of the person too. Understanding Autonomic Hyperreflexia may help you in such a way that if it ever occurs to you, you will recognize it right away and will help you seek the medical assistance at the right time too.

Autonomic Hyperreflexia

Basically, Autonomic Hyperreflexia is a situation in which the autonomic nervous system gets hyperactive and this may be caused by some external stimuli. The autonomic nervous system is the system in a body which produces involuntary responses in the body and these actions are those which happens on your own and you have no control over them. So if they start happening on their own increased pace they may even lead to your death due to following some life-threatening conditions.

  • Stroke
  • Pulmonary edema
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Haemorrhage

 Following are some of the symptoms that may arise due to the Autonomic Hyperreflexia that may help you recognize it right away

So these are some of the symptoms that might help you recognize that you may have the Autonomic Hyperreflexia. Recognizing these symptoms you must definitely visit a doctor because even if not for the Hyperreflexia of Autonomic nervous system it may still be the indication of a dangerous medical disorder that needs medical attention.

What may cause Autonomic Hyperreflexia?

There may be certain reasons that can cause the Autonomic Hyperreflexia and that may be caused by following some reasons and following are some of the causes of the Autonomic Hyperreflexia:

  • Spinal Cord Injury: Spinal Cord Injury might be the most common cause of the Autonomic Hyperreflexia and this may occur when any of the autonomic nerve dysfunction or damage may occur because of this injury.
  • Guillain Barre Syndrome
  • Drug interaction or adverse effect of a medicine
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
  • Illegal drug substance use (stimulant drugs)
  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome.

Any stimuli that can stimulate this response from the Autonomic Nervous System is basically the main reason for it and these

Treatment and Prevention of Autonomic Hyperreflexia

Getting rid of the stimuli that are causing the Autonomic Hyperreflexia can help you with the treatment and in emergency situations following are some things that you can do to make the Autonomic Hyperreflexia go away by lowering your blood pressure.

  • Removing tight clothes and socks
  • Getting into a sitting position so that blood can go to your feet.
  • Treating faecal impaction if present
  • Checking relieving any catheter blockage.
  • Lower the blood pressure by giving vasodilators
  • Removing any other stimulants like the air flow or any other such object in contact with your skin.

So these are some of the emergency treatment methods that can help control the situation or at least stop it from being aggravated. There are also some prevention methods that can help you avoid such situations altogether.

  • If you have had a previous such attack of Autonomic Hyperreflexia then you must avoid such things and objects that were the stimulating cause in the previous episode.
  • Changing the medications that can improve the elimination of this disease
  • Self-management
  • High blood pressure becomes a problem in the Autonomic Hyperreflexia so taking medicines for the High Blood Pressure can help you get rid of them altogether.
  • Improved management of urinary catheter.

So in order to get rid of such situation you need to have a long term plan and avoid the stimulating agents like anxiety and should take care of your health and you can do that by keeping your blood pressure in the check otherwise it may cause the extremely drastic effects like cardiac arrest.

Atorvastatin vs Simvastatin

Atorvastatin vs Simvastatin – which one is best?

To find in detail about the Atorvastatin vs Simvastatin, we should know how obesity is the increasing concern of today’s world. The more we ignore our diets the more we are moving towards obesity. And it is due to obesity that people have to suffer from the increased cholesterol levels that leads to certain medical conditions and some of them are very serious.

The reason behind the increased cholesterol level in today’s generation is that they prefer the greasy and junk food that is the leading cause of most of the medical conditions and the disorders that have been originated. Another reason behind these increased cholesterol level among people is the lack of physical activity.

Everything that was done manually in the past has been taken over by the machines and technology and we don’t have to move even a little and this is why there is no physical activity as compared to that past and another reason is the busy schedule of everyone in which they don’t get that much time from the physical activity.

Many drugs like atorvastatin and simvastatin are used to control the cholesterol level in the human body but before we go into the detailed discussion of atorvastatin vs simvastatin we must know what can be the complications resulting from the increased cholesterol level and why do we need these medications.

Increased cholesterol levels can be responsible for a lot of conditions like the formation of plaque in the blood vessels and heart conditions like angina or even heart attack in some cases. Carotid artery disease, peripheral arterial disease, and stroke are some other things that can result from the high cholesterol level.

Statins: Atorvastatin vs Simvastatin

Before doing the Atorvastatin vs Simvastatin comparison we will know in detail what the statins are. Statins are the group of generic drugs that are used to control the cholesterol levels in the body. They are all the drugs that can be used when the person is facing the increased cholesterol levels. They act in such a way in the body to lower the cholesterol level is by inhibiting the enzyme in the liver that is responsible for the production of the cholesterol.

The enzyme that is inhibited in this process is the HMG CoA. So if you want to avoid the further complications that can arise with the increased cholesterol level you should consider the statins. These statins can help you with following things according to the American College of Cardiology.

  • Help with the cholesterol accumulated in the blood vessels.
  • Help you with diabetes and the LDL is between 70 to 189 mg/dl (40-50 years)

atorvastatin and simvastatin are examples of the statins but there is a little difference between the two of them.

Atorvastatin and simvastatin (Lipitor vs Zocor)

Simvastatin is the drug of statins lass that goes under the brand name Zocor and the atorvastatin is another drug from the class of statins and it undergoes by the name of the Lipitor. Lipitor vs, Zocor comparison will help us understand which drug among them is the best choice for you.

All of these drugs even though have the same mechanism of action but still, they differ in some other effects that are produced in the body because of them and that is why this Atorvastatin vs Simvastatin comparison is being done so you can realize which of the drug better for you according to your medical condition. What these drugs could differ into can be the side effects, interactions, and some other pharmacokinetic parameters.

Atorvastatin vs Simvastatin

Now coming towards the Atorvastatin vs Simvastatin comparison we can determine it easily by considering the things they have the difference between in. Following are some of the features of the atorvastatin and simvastatin that helps with the Lipitor versus Zocor comparison.

Side effects of  Atorvastatin vs Simvastatin

First coming towards the side effects of these drugs that help them differentiate the most are mentioned here and following are some of them.

  • Muscle pain is the side effect of both of these drugs but still, simvastatin is more likely to cause the muscular pain. Muscle fatigue and pull can also occur along with the muscle pain. In case of any muscular pain like this inform your doctor and also avoid taking simvastatin when you already have the muscular pain.
  • Liver and kidney are the few of the major organs in the body and any drug that is likely to cause damage to them must be avoided especially when you already have dysfunction in them. Atorvastatin is recommended when you have some kidney problem and simvastatin is avoided.
  • In Atorvastatin vs Simvastatin comparison, the atorvastatin has a higher risk of causing the stroke or haemorrhage.
  • Both of these drugs are likely to cause the increase in the blood glucose levels and this situation should be kept in mind because all the statins have the same effect.
  • Both of these drugs also act the same when it comes to diarrhoea and both of them have the potential to upset your stomach and cause you diarrhoea.
  • Fatigue is the result of all the statins but in Atorvastatin vs Simvastatin comparison, the simvastatin has more effect leading to fatigue.

Atorvastatin vs Simvastatin Side Effects

Interactions of Atorvastatin vs Simvastatin with other drugs

In the further comparison of the Atorvastatin vs Simvastatin comparison, we must know that what type of interactions is possible with both of these drugs so you know what to avoid while taking these medications or if you need switching or not. Interactions can be of different types like food interactions, drug interactions etc. grapefruit juice, if consumed in the excessive amounts with statins, can be a problem because they prevent the metabolism of the few of the statins.

Atorvastatin vs Simvastatin Cost

The cost difference is another factor that can help with the Atorvastatin vs Simvastatin comparison. Lipitor that is available in 10, 20,40 and 80 mg while the Zocor is present in the 5, 20, 20, 40, 80 mg dosages. Zocor costs almost $25 to $40 per month while on the other hand Lipitor cost $5 to $10 per month. This shows that in the Lipitor vs Zocor cost comparison Zocor is preferable because it costs less.


DayQuil and How it is Different From NyQuil

To know about DayQuil you need to know something about cold too. Having a cold is already a cruel experience and when you take your medicines for the cold since they make you sleepy the make your working life even more tough and to avoid that most of the people don’t even take the cold medicines during their job timings because they don’t want to feel lazy there and in return they have to go through this cold which means sneezing, wiping nose and coughing in every few minutes and that makes your day even less productive and even though you have decided to take your medicine you still will feel sleepy and your head will feel heavy.

So, to avoid that kind of the trouble there are some of the medicines for the cold that can be used throughout the day when you have something productive to do and they will help you get cured of the cold and also will help you by not making you sleepy. There are a lot of such medicines available in the market and DayQuil is one of those.

To know how DayQuil helps you by not making you sleepy and still relieve your cold symptoms this further information will help you a lot.


DayQuil is now one of the very popular medicines that are being used for the treatment of the cold and there are a lot of the things that you need to know about it because it is one of the medicines that almost every one of us uses.

Most of the people must be familiar with the name NyQuil which is one of the most commonly used medicine for the treatment of cold and the DayQuil, in fact, so a lot better than the NyQuil because it can be used during the daytime too.

The ingredients they are used in the DayQuil are the ones that don’t induce drowsiness in a person and that is what makes it better for the use during the day. The ingredients that are the part of the DayQuil are the acetaminophen, phenylephrine, and dextromethorphan.

The only difference related to the ingredients present in the DayQuil and NyQuil is that the DayQuil lacks the antihistamine ingredient and that ingredient is the reason why the medication induces sleep in the patients.

Acetaminophen in DayQuil

Acetaminophen is an ingredient that helps with pain relief in the patients and also reduces the fever that most of the patients suffering from the cold faces. Sometimes the patients experience a very slight increase in the temperature and to treat that the acetaminophen proves to be a very useful ingredient of this formulation and also it relieves any kind of the pain the person experiences.

As headaches are common with the cold this means that patients by having this medication will be able to get rid of that too.

Dextromethorphan in DayQuil

Dextromethorphan is also one of the most important ingredients of this formulation and it helps to treat the cold in such a way that it suppresses the urge to cough because it acts on that part of the nervous system that induces a cough and this way they reduce the person’s need to cough and this way patients having a cold and cough will find DayQuil the best.

Phenylephrine in DayQuil

Phenylephrine is a nasal decongestant and it acts in the use in such a way that it reduces the swelling of the veins in the nose and this way it relieves the condition like the blocked nose and the increased secretions of the nose. But these are all the ingredients that are part of the DayQuil and unlike the NyQuil, the DayQuil doesn’t have the antihistamine Doxylamine in it. This extra ingredient in the NyQuil; is the one that makes patient’s drowsy.

Indications for use of DayQuil

The DayQuil basically is used for the common cold and following are all the detailed indications of the DayQuil

  • Fever
  • A cough
  • A headache
  • A sore throat
  • Pain
  • Nasal congestion

All above are the symptoms that are present along with the common cold and that is why the DayQuil is indicated in this condition so it will be relieving all the above symptoms.


The dosage regime of the DayQuil is such that 2 capsules in a time difference of the 4 hours are recommended and similarly 30ml for the liquid dosage forms every 4 hours but it should be taken care of that the patient doesn’t receive more than 4 doses in 24-hour period.

Moreover, this dosage regime was for the patients that are above 12 and for the kids below 12 years will dosages as recommended by the doctor. For children of 6 to 11 years can receive half the adult dose of the liquid formulation but for below the 6, the doctor recommendation is needed.

Side effects

There are a lot of different side effects that result from the use of almost all the medications and some of them are so minor that they are not even considered but still, they are mentioned so if someone already has that condition they will know to avoid this medicine or not. Following are some of such minor side effects that result from the use of the DayQuil

  • Insomnia
  • Stomach pain
  • Dizziness
  • Vomiting
  • Drowsiness
  • Stomach pain
  • Nervousness

Some of the serious side effects that can result from the use of the Dayquil are as follows

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Allergic reaction
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Swelling on face tongue and neck

All the above symptoms that are known to be the serious ones are those that result from the allergic reaction to the medication and in such situation, you should visit some doctor immediately and stop the medication.

So, this way all about the DayQuil and how it is different from the NyQuil and all the side effects and the indications related to it. In case of any difficulty or problem, you must visit a doctor or a pharmacist that can help you with such a condition or problem.

Metronidazole and Alcohol

Metronidazole and Alcohol – Taking together Side Effects

Metronidazole and Alcohol are often taken together mistakenly. Well if you are thinking that what exactly Metronidazole is, well this is also retailed as Flagyl. Usually, Metronidazole is taken in the form of a tablet, but that is not the single form available for it.

You can also see Metronidazole in the form of a cream or as a suppository. Well, in fact, Metronidazole is one of the best-known antibacterial salt you will ever see. But the real deal is that combination of Metronidazole and Alcohol is as bad as you can think, as it comes with comes serious side effects.

And if you accidentally take Metronidazole and Alcohol together then you have to face change in colour of urine, mouth gets dried out, feet and hands start to get a little itchy, and above all, it can also cause diarrhoea.

Metronidazole and Alcohol Side Effects

Some people even want to try out some medicines with alcohol, and they think that taking them together would make the reaction faster but actually, if you just mix up Metronidazole and Alcohol then results could get disastrous like your heartbeat suddenly drops down, it can also cause liver failure and very low blood pressure.

In short, you cannot even think of taking a mixture of Metronidazole and Alcohol. You should at least give a break of more 4 to 5 days between Metronidazole and Alcohol. Even If you take it in the duration of 3 days after consumption of alcohol still it can cause you a severe headache, stomach cramps, vomiting and other such health problems.

Even though a mixture of Metronidazole and alcohol could get worst, but still Metronidazole is known to the best antibacterial medicine for any kind of infection which could infect your vagina, stomach, reproductive system, and skin infections. But once you have started taking Metronidazole then there is no way you can mix it up or take alcohol near those days.

Proper use of Metronidazole and Alcohol

As the reactions after taking Metronidazole and alcohol are already discussed above. Now obviously a question would arise in your mind that how you can consume Metronidazole in a safe way to avoid any of the medical problems.

Well, the answer is really simple that you have to drop your drinking habit long before you want to get yourself treated using Metronidazole. Now doctors usually suggest taking Metronidazole for at least 10 days, and for each day you have to take 3 doses of Flagyl. Now what people usually do is that they just take it for a certain amount of time. Like when they feel like they do not have any more of that infection, then they stop consuming Metronidazole which is totally not good for their health.

Because sometimes infection stop showing symptoms, but it is yet to be wiped off. So it is really necessary for you to take a dose of antibacterial medicines for the prescribed amount of time. And sometimes there is another reason as well that people feel the urge to drink again, so they would stop taking Metronidazole, which is for sure not a positive step towards their health.

Avoid taking Metronidazole and Alcohol

Even though you have stopped taking dose still it would be like you are taking Metronidazole and Alcohol together, because you have to wait for some days before you can start drinking once again. And it might be possible that during that wait, all those symptoms of infection reappear once again which was not totally recovered.

Besides, you need to tell all of your medical histories to your doctor because liquor is not the only way to get alcohol, but there are several medications which use alcohol. So, it’s best to let your doctor know about all of your medications, just to make sure that Metronidazole and Alcohol do not mix up. Furthermore, if you are already suffering from some kind of Heart or liver problems then for sure Flagyl is not for you, because this medicine directly effects both of these body organs directly.

And no doubt condition might get serious after using Metronidazole. And not just that you also need to keep yourself safe from excess exposure of sunlight, because Metronidazole makes your skin really sensitive.